The occurrence frequencies and the intensities of dust and sand storms (DSS) from many arid and semi-arid regions, including Northern China, Central Asia and Mongolia, are in the increasing trend due to the rapid desertification caused by different reasons, climate change and unsustainable land uses such as overgrazing, heavy farming, deforestation for other uses.
The increasing aeolian aerosols cause severely adverse impacts on environment, eco-systems and human health and socio-economic activities not only in the source regions but in the far downwind regions. For example, they can convey endemic microorganisms and potential microbial pathogens such as bacteria and fungi, which may cause adverse impacts on human health and cause respiratory (asthma) and eye diseases even in the far downwind regions of the source regions.
The international cooperation is essential to effectively prevent the desertification by identifying best practices to address primary causes of desertification in source regions, to establish a monitoring and early warning system for the severe aerosol event, and to accurately assess the potential microbial risk in aeolian aerosols traveling long-distance for the mitigation of adverse impacts of aerosols
The poster will provide local and international scientists an opportunity to exchange information on long-range transport and its impact of Asian dust aerosols, leading to the development of more effective reduction measures for the adverse impacts of Asian dust aerosols. The poster will include the following subjects:
• Early warning system of Asian dust and anthropogenic aerosols
• Microbial risk assessment of Asian dust
• Measures to prevent and control desertification
• Establishing Asian dust monitoring network and organizing research group of microbial risk assessment
under the international cooperative program