Management effectiveness and connectivity to promote resilience of protected areas and biodiversity conservation in the climate change context.

Mexico´s National Commission for Protected Areas (CONANP in Spanish) is a federal institution in charge of the management and protection of the country´s protected areas. In addition to working towards long-term conservation of nature and its associated ecosystem services and cultural values, protected areas present the unique opportunity to support national climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. To address this task, CONANP has developed a Climate Change Strategy for Protected Areas (ECCAP), which encompasses strategic lines to identify possible impacts derived from climate change, and the possible and most cost-efficient strategies to address them at a local protected area level. Additionally, to determine the institution´s staff overall knowledge in the area, a general assessment was undertaken with the corresponding learning plan set up to build capacity of protected area managers. Finally, to monitor the institution´s effectiveness, the Information, Monitoring and Evaluation System (SIMEC in Spanish) incorporates biological, social and geographical indicators to help determine the effectiveness and impact o the public policies implemented.

Throughout the implementation process of the ECCAP, Mexico has recognized the importance of working through protected area clusters within a landscape framework, considering different elements such as the biodiversity gap analysis Mexico developed in 2008. This approach will promote ecosystem resilience.

In this workshop, we propose to discuss different connectivity and landscape approaches that other countries have been working on, recognizing lessons learned in order to build a consensus strategy to promote ecosystem resilience to climate change based on a landscape framework.

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