Experience of the local ECONET implementation: harmonization between nature conservation and local livelihoods needs and future prospects

Development of Econet began much later in the newly independent states (Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Central Asia, East European countries etc.). The most important progress has been achieved in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, where environmental legislation now includes the concept of Econet. With the support of international conservation organizations Econet schemes were designed, and practical implementation started through some pilot projects (WWF Netherlands, MFA/WWF Norway) , e.g. in northern steppes of Kazakhstan (saiga as a flagship species), middle reaches of Syrdaria river valley, Karatau mountains and adjusted steppes and semi-deserts, in southern Tajikistan, mountain steppes of eastern Kyrgyzstan. In the nearest future replication of this experience is planned in Ily –Balhash region – with intent to create key enabling conditions for tiger re-introduction in the region. At the poster the model schemes of the model Econets, scientific background application; tools, techniques and approaches of the implementation, and importance of Econet establishment for rare, endangered and especially valuable species conservation – thanks to conceptual connectivity of the Econet components.will be presented, taking into account socio-economic conditions and livelihoods of local people, in order to discuss the "lessons" derived from the pilot projects. It can be a part of the theme of the Commission on Ecosystem Management (CEM) and the Ecosystem Management Programme (EMP) of IUCN "Reducing Ecosystem and Human Risks", that inform participants on "how to" achieve some specific objectives of the IUCN Programme´s thematic areas "Valuing and conserving biodiversity", "Managing ecosystems to improve food security" to decrease the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use. It can be a contribution to international conservation debates (Rio2012; CBD; WPC, etc.). The poster will display innovations and solutions of some pilot projects, present community and local level initiatives, policy and governance reforms, traditional and indigenous knowledge, new and more sustainable models of using of biodiversity.

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