Protected Areas are recognized as an important tool in conserving biodiversity. These systems vary considerably from country to country, depending on priorities, and national needs, and on
differences in institutional, legislative and financial support (Khan, 2004). Pakistan has 235 protected areas including 22 national parks, 99 wildlife sanctuaries, 100 game reserves and 14 unclassified areas. Hingol, Hazarganji Chiltan and Kirthar National Parks are important national parks and have unique vertebrate biodiversity, while Hingol National Park has six ecosystems including Arabian Sea, Rugged Mountains, Desert, River, Estuary, and open plains.
In the Hazarganji Chiltan National Park, 30 species of mammals, 120 species of birds, 25 species of reptiles and 4 species of amphibians have been recorded. During the study in the Hingol National Park, 165 bird species (75 resident and 90 migratory species), and 16 mammalian species were recorded. While Ibex, Urial and Chinkara are the key species of the park. Kirthar National Park has 34 mammals and 58 birds species, while two ungulate species Sindh Ibex (wild goat) and Urial (wild sheep) have key species of the park.
During the session, role of protected areas, land and seascape management, and innovative governance structures can play to conserve these resources and prevent biodiversity loss in all countries will be explored. The means to monitor the status of species and threats to them will be
The main objective of session of this Knowledge Café is to presents results of our research studies, sharing/exchange knowledge, study techniques and discuss future study plan/ project for conservation of key species.