How to make and use a national trust system in protected areas

1. Learning objectives

All participants will walk away with skills and knowledge relating to the social capital (including trust, networking, cooperation, good governance and operating capacity thereof) from our session.

We want our participants to say they are going to know how to trust, how to make network, how to cooperate, how to make governance and how to build up their capacity operate such social capital for the purpose of effective enlargement and sustainable management of their protected areas.

After the session, participants will be able to:
Understand the concept of social capital in contrast to economic capital and the value of trust;
Experience a method of making network and cooperation and the know-how for make use of governance;
And also get accustomed to or elevate the capacity to drive or operate well such social capital as trust, networking, cooperation and good governance especially by way of national trust system in the realm of protected areas.

2. Narrative summary

There are many private or common lands in the protected areas in developing countries which are apt to be friendly with the development as well as might be sold out to the developers. The method to firmly prevent selling out private or common lands is to build up community in the protected areas. Such community might be supported by commons which could be acquired and sustained by the statute law or the national trust system.

According to the experiences during colonial periods in developing countries, the governments would cut down by way of statute instead of increasing commons; therefore the remaining method is to build trust for commons. The trust system could be built by the statute law like the National Trust Act in the U.K. or the Republic of Korea, otherwise by the customary law which gave local people the power to occupy and use the natural resources.

To our experiences, the protected areas could not be well managed without the local people who could share some benefits relating to such areas. The trust system will help benefit-sharing among stakeholders including local people through the social capital. In this conservation campus, we would like to share in various methods not only the some frustrated cases but also the successful experiences and know-hows in Korea since the National Trust Act of 2006 was made.

3. Preparation and background

PowerPoint presentations, videos, traditional music and dance, and folk game

4. Feedback

First of all, we will make with a check list a set of diagnosis for participants’ comprehension about economic capital of social capital and how much they do depend upon such capitals on the way of establishment or management of their protected areas.

Furthermore, we will show weakness or hindrance to make a progress in participant’s protected area; and provide a prescription suitable for each case and further guidance on how to overcome such weakness or hindrance.

5. Next steps

We recommend a report of 2006 by the World Bank: “Where the Wealth of Nations”06) as resources to read.
And at next step, we will get our session participants involved our program: The DMZ Global Trust which will be embarked worldwide July 27, 2013 for the purpose of establishing a trust at the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) in Korean Peninsula on behalf of future generations in the world.

6. Program Activity

1) OPENING CEREMONY
Duration: 09.00-09.30
Aim: Communications and making friendships among all participants
Description:
- Traditional music and dance
- Orientation: How to participate in this campus
(by Prof.Gyongho Kim, Jeju National University)
- Self-introduction
Equipment & resources:
- Greetings each other
- 1 minute speech on behalf of himself/herself
Setting: Taking a photo

2) 1st SESSION
Duration: 09.30-11.00
Aim: Understanding of the concept and principle
Description:
- Presentation 1: What is the social capital?
(by Director Eunju Hwang, National Nature Trust: NNT)
- Presentation 2: The realization of social capital into National
Nature Trust (in Korea) and its challenge
(by Dr.Jaekyong Chun, Korea Legislation Research Institute)
- Coffee break
Equipment & resources:
- Picture
- Chart
- Text book for PPT
Setting: Screen and beam

3) 2nd SESSION
Duration: 11.00-14.00
Aim:
- Diagnosis of status quo of participants’ area
- Showcase for experience
- Necessity of trust and cooperation
Description:
- How much does your area have social capital in contrast of
economic capital (by CEO Junghee Song, Jeju Weekly)
- Lunch served by NNT
- Playing at a tug-of-war among all participants
Equipment & resources:
- Questionnaire
- Check list
- Lunch box
- Rope(tug) for play
Setting: Outside space or hall for play during 30 minutes

4) 3rd SESSION
Duration: 14.00-15.30
Aim: Case Method
Description:
- Seminar 1: Benefit and loss sharing among Mondragon cooperatives
(by Prof. Izaskun Alzola Berriozabalgoitia, Mondragon University, Spain)
- Seminar 2: Governance at the local community
(by Prof.Leni D.Camacho, Philippines National University)
- Coffee break
Equipment & resources: Text book for seminar
Setting: Screen and beam

5) WRAP UP and FEEDBACK
Duration: 15.30-17.30
Aim:
- Acquiring skills and knowledge for making national trust
in a participant’s area
- Capacity building
Description:
- Practice for skills and knowledge at a specific area:
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in Korea DMZ(south)
- Giving an individual prescription for each participant
Equipment & resources:
Setting:
- Manual book
- Standard Method
- Global trust program in biosphere reserve

Geographical scope:

Korea (RK)
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