Since the beginning of the millennium, the IUCN and CBD have taken the lead on discussing governance for protected areas (PAs). Governance is about authority, responsibility and accountability, both according to legal rules and to the norms and customs lived by societies. As a social phenomenon, governance is regulated by laws but also by history, culture, values. For PA systems and individual PA sites, governance is about “who makes decisions, how those decisions are influenced and developed, and how are they implemented, respected, enforced, monitored and improved through time”.
Recognizing and encouraging a variety of governance types for PAs and enhancing governance quality (“good governance”) can help countries to both increase coverage and render their PA systems more resilient, more equitable and better integrated in society— all steps towards the goals of the CBD Strategic Plan for 2020 and Aichi Target 11 in particular.
This campus will introduce key concepts for PA governance, such as “type” and “quality, and resources for IUCN Members and CBD Parties, including a forthcoming dedicated volume in the IUCN WCPA Best Practice in Protected Areas Series and a framework process to assess, evaluate and plan effective action to improve the governance of a system of protected areas. All governance types identified by the IUCN and referred to by the CBD will be examined and discussed, including ICCAs, which can be fully recognised as "protected areas" but also considered as “other effective area-based conservation measures”. Methods and tools relevant to take full advantage of new understanding and action about governance of protected areas will be introduced and illustrated.