The impact of climate change are more prominently observed and felt by Gujarat state. The paper aims to analyze impact of climate change on locals and adaptation needs.
One of the major feature of recent climate change is the increased in rainfall intensity. Population residing in low lying areas faces water logging during torrential rain in a short time span flash flood and inundates large low-lying areas. After the flood many of these regions are under the grip of water borne diseases. The women and children become the first victim. There is a need to spread awareness on creation adequate drainage system and train the locals on water borne diseases.
The increase in rainfall is more prominent in western parts of the state. Traditionally being arid-semiarid region farmers in these regions saw crops that require less of water. Increased rainfall and water-logging has led to increased incidences of crops failure. Research is required to develop crops that can survive in diverse types of climatic conditions.
Climate change has also delayed the monsoon cycle by about a month. Fishers do not go for fishing in peak monsoon to avoid wrath of nature. However they follow their local traditional calendar to observe the fishing holidays where as these dates do not match changing climate and recently incidences of fishers caught in offshore cyclonic storms are becoming common. This changing climate is affecting all section of society and large awareness drive is essential.
There is need to create institutional framework involving various stack holders including women and marginalized communities for awareness on climate change.