Countries of Central African region host some of the most important forest dwelling Indigenous People (IPs) and nature dependent communities whose livelihood and cultures depend on some of the most biologically rich landscapes of the world. These IP communities are traditionally nomadic or semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers, or transhumant cattle pastoralists such. IPs face the urgency of adaptation. Their livelihoods and cultures have been deeply challenged the past and current decades by rapid transformation of global and national economic contexts and more aggressive governments-driven forest governance frameworks that override traditional conceptions and management of forest resources and lands.
Success in biodiversity conservation cannot be happily celebrated when failing to meet indigenous people vital needs. While conservation and forest management policies have positively contributed in securing large forest landscapes and raising general public awareness on the finite nature of forest resources, it is increasingly obvious that forest management dynamics also constitute important factors of vulnerability and livelihoods uncertainty for indigenous communities of the region. Among the critical issues faced by IPs, is that of security of tenure rights and intergenerational access too and benefits from natural resources.
Despite efforts sofar undertaken by governments and development partners to address failures of land and forest policies with regards to indigenous peoples land rights in Central Africa, a lot remains to be done to sustainably support the already existing IPs mobilization and advocacy movement in the region.