In the last decade many initiatives have been developed to improve our understanding of the linkages between biodiversity conservation, livelihoods and poverty alleviation, and the various factors (markets, governance, rights and tenure, national and global policies, etc) that impact those linkages. These include IUCN’s Landscapes and Livelihoods Strategy (LLS); CIFOR's Poverty Environment Network, the MacArthur-funded Advancing Conservation in a Social Context initiative and the DFID-funded Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation initiative. This session, convened by IIED and IUCN’s Forest Conservation Programme (FCP), together with the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) and the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), will highlight lessons learned from these types of initiatives. The first half of the workshop will take the traditional format of presentations on lessons learnt from some of the initiatives identified above including LLS as a major case study. International efforts and perspectives will be balanced with practical realities and perspectives from various landscapes. The second half of the workshop will comprise a “speed dating” session where representatives from local-level are able to share and describe their work on conservation and development and members of the audience can choose which experiences they want to learn more about through a final question and answer session. Participants will include members of the PCLG, local LLS partners, and finalists of the UNDP Equator Initiative. Three sets of presentations, with five presenters in each set, will provide the audience with a diversity of experience to choose from, and an opportunity to move around, interact with others and participate in small group discussions with conservation practitioners. This workshop will ultimately help foster understanding and build consensus on the issue of biodiversity-poverty linkages, while engaging participants to share their knowledge and know-how.