With increasing pressures on marine and coastal environments, there is an urgent need to share new and creative, as well as traditional and lesser known approaches to managing marine biodiversity and resources in a time of change. Communities in the Asia-Pacific region have long played a critical role in sustainable resource use and stewardship of the coastal and marine environment, and their knowledge and management approaches directly contribute to the IUCN 2012 Congress theme of “Nature+”. Based on case studies, this workshop will explore how bottom-up, community-based, and co-management approaches utilizing local and indigenous knowledge and other innovative/effective means can contribute to meeting international biodiversity targets (including Aichi Biodiversity Targets 6 and 11 on sustainable fisheries, MPAs and area-based conservation). The workshop will also explore how traditional and blended management systems have been scaled up and combined with MPA approaches, and how they can enhance the resilience of ecosystems and coastal communities, including their ability to adapt to change. In exploring these themes, the workshop will focus on linkages between sustainable use and conservation, as well as cultural connectivity of area-based management across the Asia-Pacific.