Social equity

Access and Benefit Sharing and Protected Areas: how are they linked?

What exactly is Access and Benefit Sharing and how does it work?
How will new policy and legal frameworks on ABS impact protected areas, and the indigenous peoples and local communities living in and around them?
What can conservation gain from ABS, what can ABS learn from protected areas, and where are the challenges to achieve these gains?

How to get involved in the World Heritage Convention: A Users Guide for IUCN Members

The UNESCO World Heritage Convention is one of the most important global conservation instruments and has almost universal adoption amongst the nations of the world. It provides a unique framework for securing the conservation of over 200 of the world´s most important natural areas, such as the Serengeti, Galapagos and the Great Barrier Reef, recognized as being of Outstanding Universal Value to humanity as a whole.

Challenging Value Systems in Conservation

Conservation has its roots in an ethic which emphasised aesthetic and moral reasons for conservation but recently, greater attention has been given to identifying the economic value of biodiversity and market-based conservation mechanisms. However, individuals may support conservation for many reasons, such as the emotional value they place on a particular species or place. Alternatively, the relevance of biodiversity to daily life and the essential goods and services that ecosystems provide may not be understood.

International legal fora available to individuals and NGOs to protect environmental and human rights

International law is increasingly providing fora for private citizens and NGOs to challenge unsustainable development across the world. These fora include compliance committees of international environmental treaties like Aarhus. They include judicial proceedings under human right treaties like ECHR. They include accountability mechanisms like the World Bank Inspection Panel. And they include friend of the court submissions in WTO dispute resolution.

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