Ecosystem management

Business dependency and impacts on ecosystems

In the context of agricultural production, sustainable management practices can maintain or increase, or prevent declines in, flows of environmental goods and services, as the quality and availability of the raw materials depend on the availability of ecosystem services. Negative trends in the availability of these services would affect productivity of the farmers, and the entire value chain all the way to the food manufacturer.

Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts-Coastal Southeast Asia

Climate change is a global challenge but a lot can be done at the local level to minimize impacts and capture opportunities. IUCN´s Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts―Coastal Southeast Asia Project, funded by European Union, aims to increase adaptive capacity of people and the ecosystems on which they depend to cope with the anticipated impacts of climate change and plan for DRR, through sound governance and planning.

Valuing ecosystems – can it help business make better decisions?

Biodiversity and ecosystem services are often considered public goods, i.e. the costs of destroying or damaging ecosystems are passed on from the user to society. NGOs have therefore been pushing companies to value their environmental costs, but if these services were valued more consistently by businesses would this help make better management decisions for the environment, society and the companies themselves?

In 2011, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) released the Guide to Corporate Ecosystem Valuation (CEV), a framework for improving corporate decision-making by enabling companies to consider the values of the ecosystem services they depend and impact upon. It was developed with 14 member road-testers and 4 partners. It is expected that ecosystem valuation will be more consistently incorporated into corporate decision-making and, potentially, reporting policies and public regulations.

The workshop aims (i) to raise awareness about the opportunities and risks of giving monetary values to ecosystems and (ii) to encourage the uptake of valuation as one of the solutions to mitigate ecosystems degradation. By highlighting practical examples, it will focus on the application of ecosystem valuation in the business context, while keeping in mind the role of environmental NGOs.

Bioacoustics for species monitoring - a new tool for Red List assessment?

Bioacoustic monitoring and classification of animal songs has developed into a powerful tool for measuring and monitoring vocalizing species, particularly in habitats where visual observations are difficult or even impossible, such as tropical rainforests or at sea. Results from recent bioacoustic surveys illustrate the potential of the method, but also challenges and bottlenecks impeding further progress.

Mr. Goodfish, a sustainable seafood programme

The European programme Mr.Goodfish, launched by the World Ocean Network and developed in Spain (Aquarium Finisterrae), France (Nausicaá, Centre National de la Mer) and Italy (Acquario di Genova) aims to preserve seafood resources by suggesting positive buying and consuming decisions so as to ensure that there will still be fish and seashells in the sea tomorrow.

Implementation of the UN Decade on Biodiversity with a focus on South East Asian countries

The Decade on Biodiversity is the global strategic framework for biodiversity conservation since COP10 of CBD, Nagoya in 2010. Especially the targets on awareness raising, involving citizens in actions, conserving wild places and species together with related policy work are fields of activity where zoos and aquariums can contribute and make a difference. Globally, zoos and aquariums receive more than 700 Mio visitors each year - a huge potential for involvement and conveying the conservation messages.

Towards Mediterranean resilience: An adaptative model of governance

In recent times governance has become a matter of increasing interest in Mediterranean affairs particularly with respect to the conservation and management of biodiversity. Although the concept of governance may have various meanings within different contexts, it is important to focus on ways and means for improving the existing prescriptive and enforcement mechanisms for environmental protection of the Mediterranean terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems.

Fisheries, biodiversity conservation, and food security

In the future, food from the sea is going to be of increasing importance to global food security. Ways have to be found to meet these needs that are compatible with conservation of biodiversity.
At present, decisions are made separately in conservation and sectoral and this does not facilitate integration, coordination or even common understanding. The risk is that both fields of governance miss their targets.

Community forest in Northeastern Thailand: economic value, pressure and community adaptation for sustainable livelihoods.

Community forest management (CFM) focuses on improving livelihoods of rural people and conserving natural forest ecosystems through local participation and cooperation. Increasing demands for forest resources and community socioeconomic change create pressures on CFM. This study presents a community forest named Kok Nongjan (KNJ) in Nong Song Hong, Khon Kaen, Thailand. The study estimates economic value of non-timber forest product (NTFP), examines user responses to increasing demands of NTFPs, and identifies community adaptation to change in attempts to sustain livelihoods.

Biodiversity Conservation for Development in the South through South-South Cooperation

The south country comprises over 70% of the earth’s biodiversity but it has been given less attention for conserving their resources in terms of policies. It is obvious that the biodiversity resources in the tropical south countries are not only in high richness but also in danger of extinction due to the excessive utilization and habitats degradation. Thus the effective action plan and management strategies are urgently needed to increase resilience the deterioration of nature resources.

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