Biodiversity loss has accelerated since the CBD was adopted in 1993. Species and ecosystems are being lost at an alarming rate. Increasingly, they depend on continuing management for their survival. If we are to avoid mass extinctions, and dangerous consequences from degradation and loss of natural ecosystems, we must focus on arresting loss, and bringing about the recovery of biodiversity. Experience within the SSC has shown that, in addition to area-based approaches, planning for the conservation of individual or small groups of species is essential.