Regional - Asia

DMZ´s biodiversity and its future

BACKGROUND

The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a military buffer zone in the middle of the Korean Peninsula, was formed as a result of the Armistice Agreement on July 27 1953, which ended the Korean War (1950-1953). Due to the long and strong fortification against human access, the Korean DMZ and its adjacent areas now became rich habitats for a variety of plant and animal species and an important nature conservation agenda of the South Korean government.

International River Basins as a common good: The role of the Civil Society (CS) and the Private Sector in Transboundary Water Cooperation in the Mekong River Basin

Programme:

1. Presentation of the Mekong Water Dialogue (PPT)

• History and status of cooperation: challenges and opportunities
• Civil Society engagement: local and international
• Private sector engagement: local and international partnerships
• Future challenges and opportunities

2. Panel on NGO-government-private sector dialogue in development (60 min)

Successful Management and Utilization of World Heritage in UNESCO International Protected Areas

"o The protected areas, each of which has different ecological profiles, have two common significant implications - conservation and sustainable use. The conservation can be achieved more efficiently if we develop a programme to use them as the resources of eco-tourism
o Nonetheless, it is quite rare that an integrated management system for the protected areas in terms of conservation and sustainable use.

The Experience of the National Trust Act in Korea and its Suggestions toward Developing Countries (KOC official session)

"□ The ecological axis of the Korean Peninsula has been damaged so much due to high growth of Korean economy. In addition, climate change brings many droughts and floods. At this point of view, whole policies related to national territory and environment are requested to be reviewed.

Sharing Awareness on Sustainable Conservation and Management of Island-Coastal Ecosystems in Jeonnam Province (KOC official event)

"○ Island-coastal regions are vulnerable for climate change and development activity. Spreading of its ecological importance through the long-term research and monitoring is necessary.
○ Sharing information about local activity and governance for conserving ecosystem and biodiversity of island-coastal regions and about ecosystem service for better marine environment in next generation"

The Promotion of World Environmental Hub as a Model City in Jeju (KOC official session)

"Environment is in a mutual relationship with the components of society and economy which are the realities impacting negatively on the conservation of environment. This means that environment, economy and society should be in an integrated framework.
Nonetheless, the existing cities aiming at achieving an eco-city attempt to implement it on the basis of a uni-dimensional approach such as the management of energy or wastes, etc.

Experience with environmental cooperation between ASEAN and Korea towards a sustainable green growth (KOC official session)

Tropical forest ecosystem in ASEAN region are considerably susceptible to forest degradation for logging and land use change. Coping with uncertain future, it is very important to obtain resistance and resilience for both nature and human. AKECOP has implemented forest research and education projects in ASEAN member states for eleven years to make regional people be knowlegeable to sustainable forest management and global trends in forest and environment and be qualified for forest research and management.

Low Carbon Green Growth Paradigm and Urban Environmental Policy (KOC official session)

Urban greenhouse gas emissions make up 43% of Korea´s total emissions, but the costs of reducing urban emissions are low, which could lead to an immediate reduction effect. Climate change responses through urban policies are extremely important
- City formation could reduce both energy use and greenhouse gas emissions by placing wind paths, water paths, forest trails, and other natural objects during urban planning stages and constructing low carbon urban infrastructures

Climate Change Adaptation Policy in Korea (KOC official session)

Today´s environmental protection strategies must mitigate the impacts of climate change, which has emerged as a grave threat; therefore past environmental protection strategies must be updated in advance to respond against this new imminent threat
- The need for conservation and management strategies to reduce existing environmental threats and policy planning to improve nature´s restoration ability to overcome climate change

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