Economy and Markets

Business & biodiversity: the role and the potential of the tourism industry

Traditionally the tourism industry has had a negative impact upon biodiversity, in particular along coasts. Except for ecotourism, the tourism industry in general has had very little involvement in the conservation of its main resource: landscape, nature, the sea, beaches. While the debate on corporate social and environmental responsibility is widely present, we should find ways in order to involve the tourism industry in biodiversity conservation and in the regeneration of natural capital (marine and coastal ecosystems). After all, that is the base of the tourism business.

Demand reduction messaging for consumption of tigers and other endangered wildlife species

The world will see iconic wildlife species go extinct in the near future if the unbridled demand for parts and products of these and other endangered species is not significantly reduced. This has already happened for sub-species of tiger and rhino in Asia. There is little doubt that in the short term, direct action to identify and apprehend poachers and illegal traders is of the utmost importance, but without a complementary effort to impact the persistent market demand that drives this trade, emergency enforcement action alone will be in vain.

The Environmental Doomsday Clock: Survey on Global Environmental Issues

For 20 years, Asahi Glass Foundation has been publishing the report, "Result of the questionnaire on environmental problems and the survival of humankind." It is about cognition of environmental experts of the world about the pressing environmental situation.

To summarize the cognition of the experts, we created "The Environmental Doomsday Clock" that gauges whether we locate near or far from the environmental death and destruction of nature, which inevitably leads to the Doomsday of human being.

A global strategy of "green growth and nature+"

The theme of the Congress, Nature+, represents the need to take urgent actions to restore nature, which already may be damaged beyond repair. The proposed workshop is closely related to the Congress's theme in that it will propose practical strategies for nature conservation and wise utilization of nature, and it will discuss measures for enhancing the resilient ability of nature based on win-win Green Growth (or Green Economy) strategies.

Searching for resilience in sustainable development: learning journeys in conservation

The starting point for this workshop will be an interactive audio visual presentation of the key findings of Dr John Blewitt´s and Professor Daniella Tilbury (re)search for resilience in sustainable development. They have spent a year interviewing key people in the NGO, business and private sectors about resilience and the learning journeys they, their organisations, societies or cultures have undertaken. The people interviewed included major decision makers in business, public figures, activists, community workers, conservation specialists, media professionals, educators and many more.

Net Positive Impact on Biodiversity – a conservation mechanism for the private sector

As societal expectations and regulatory environments rapidly evolve regarding the private sectors’ land use management and obligation, appropriate and sustainable conservation mechanisms have never been more relevant. Recently, both the International Finance Corporation and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development adopted policies that aim to move the private sector towards ensuring either no net loss or achieving a net positive impact on biodiversity for the projects that receive finance. A number of conservation mechanisms are emerging for debate.

Benefit-sharing approaches

Benefit sharing systems should provide effective incentives for sustainable forest, genetic resources and other natural resources management and conservation activities while it builds support and legitimacy for such activities. To achieve this dual objective, benefit sharing should be more equitable than a strict focus on economic incentives allows for.

Intensification of land use through locally controlled forest and agriculture enterprises - ways forward

Meeting future food, fuel and fibre needs for growing global population requires land use intensification. How to achieve intensification while putting the needs of the poor first, conserving biodiversity, and adapting simultaneously to climate change is a subject requiring urgent attention. This workshop will critically examine the evidence that locally controlled forestry and agriculture might offer diverse routes towards intensification that are both just and robust – in contrast with intensification that relies on large-scale monocultures of power and natural resources.

Business and IUCN join forces: lessons learned from western gray whale conservation

The western gray whale population is listed as endangered in the Russian Federation Red Data Book and as critically endangered in the IUCN Red List. Little is known about its breeding grounds or migration routes but the main feeding grounds lie off north-eastern Sakhalin Island, in the Russian Far East.

Economic Policies and Sustainability at a Time of Crisis (CEESP official session)

The Workshop will analyze the role of macroeconomic, financial and sector level policies in the transition towards sustainable development.The global economic and financial crisis underlines the need to understand how policy responses impact peoples´ livelihoods and environmental stewardship. The focus will be on 4 thematic issues:

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