Economy and Markets

New business models for mainstreaming conservation into development: Innovations from the Global Tiger Initiative

Present and discuss specific lessons, challenges and innovative solutions generated by the Tiger Range Countries during the initial phase of implementation of the Global Tiger Recovery Program that was approved by Heads of Governments at the 2010 Tiger Summit.

Understanding biodiversity risk - the role and value of IBAT, the Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool

Worldwide there are estimated to be some 25,000 mines producing industrial minerals and almost 100,000 quarries producing aggregates for construction purposes. As the price of rare minerals and metals rises and the need for energy grows, even more areas will become targets for exploitation. Turning to financing, in 2011 IFC alone invested almost $19 billion in more than 500 projects. With this demand for natural resources and level of investment, we have not only an opportunity but arguably an obligation to ensure that our conservation knowledge is readily available to decision makers.

The Business and Ecosystems Think Tank – Part A

Whose responsibility is it to tackle our current economic and environmental crisis? Is it business? Is it governments? We believe it is a shared responsibility.

Business dependency and impacts on ecosystems

In the context of agricultural production, sustainable management practices can maintain or increase, or prevent declines in, flows of environmental goods and services, as the quality and availability of the raw materials depend on the availability of ecosystem services. Negative trends in the availability of these services would affect productivity of the farmers, and the entire value chain all the way to the food manufacturer.

Valuing ecosystems – can it help business make better decisions?

Biodiversity and ecosystem services are often considered public goods, i.e. the costs of destroying or damaging ecosystems are passed on from the user to society. NGOs have therefore been pushing companies to value their environmental costs, but if these services were valued more consistently by businesses would this help make better management decisions for the environment, society and the companies themselves?

In 2011, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) released the Guide to Corporate Ecosystem Valuation (CEV), a framework for improving corporate decision-making by enabling companies to consider the values of the ecosystem services they depend and impact upon. It was developed with 14 member road-testers and 4 partners. It is expected that ecosystem valuation will be more consistently incorporated into corporate decision-making and, potentially, reporting policies and public regulations.

The workshop aims (i) to raise awareness about the opportunities and risks of giving monetary values to ecosystems and (ii) to encourage the uptake of valuation as one of the solutions to mitigate ecosystems degradation. By highlighting practical examples, it will focus on the application of ecosystem valuation in the business context, while keeping in mind the role of environmental NGOs.

Integrating biodiversity into supply chains

Can manufacturing companies thousands of miles away from the field have an influence on how biodiversity is managed at the local level? Yes, they can, through their supply chains.

Can biodiversity be a material issue for companies? Barriers, challenges and how to overcome them.

Declining natural capital (biodiversity and ecosystem services) is rapidly increasing as a business issue. A survey of over 1,000 companies by McKinsey found that biodiversity loss is a major emerging issue for business, occupying a similar position in the public debate as climate change did in 2007. Although several analyses of ´the business case´ for action on the issue have been put forward, few have been framed in terms of financial (or stakeholder inclusive) materiality. As a result they lack traction with those individuals responsible for managing corporate financial performance.

Mobilizing knowledge for enhanced governance of trade in wildlife between Africa and China

The value of Africa-China trade has grown almost ten-fold from USD10 billion in 2000 to over USD91 billion in 2009, making China Africa´s largest trading partner. From 2001-2009, Africa exported over 4.7 billion USD worth of timber products to China, fisheries products worth 16 million USD and nearly 23 million USD worth wild medicinal plants. Sustaining the use of Africa´s wild plants and animals at this scale will be a considerable challenge.

Leveraging Markets for Conservation: Removing the Roadblocks to Scaling up.

Private sector has long been blamed as the foe of conservation, and not without reasons. The unprecedented occurrence of floods, drought, poverty and conflicts are the outcomes of our collective neglect of nature. Businesses have increasingly sought green credentials, some as public relations and others for legitimate concerns as to the sustainability of the landscape and communities they so heavily depend on for their supplies.

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