Livelihoods

Towards Synergy between Dugong Conservation and Community Development: Roles of NGOs and Local Communities

As the US and Japanese governments’ plan to build a US military base in Henoko/Oura Bay, Okinawa, Japan, critical habitat for the endangered Okinawa dugong, is now under critical review, efforts are being made not only towards the protection of the Okinawa dugongs per se, but also towards synergy between dugong/environmental conservation and community development.

Restoration of Forests and Landscapes - How Countries Can Map and Value Their Restoration Opportunities

About 30 percent of potential global forest cover has been completely cleared and a further 20 percent has been degraded. But the spiral of increasing degradation and poverty can be broken.

A new global assessment used consistent data to map degraded forest lands and restoration opportunities at 1x1 km resolution. Historical and current forest extent was considered along with current land use and population density.

Management planning of protected areas incorporating local people´s livelihoods. For PA managers and stakeholders.

This proposal seeks to train key people in the development and implementation of protected areas management plans that incorporate local people´s livelihoods from the very beginning and with the goal to eliminate conflicts and contradictions with the management and the objectives of the protected areas. These conflicts and contradictions between management and livelihoods (considering management categories governance types,among others) have incremented overtime because they have been traditionally postponed.

Young people's role in forest conservation

Young people are living a new stage in history in which they must decide to transform their lifestyle into a sustainable one, creating conditions that will enable them to have better opportunities.
Overall, young people do not have any decision power regarding the use of natural resources. However, they do have an entrepreneurial spirit that allows them to take part in the protection and conservation of forests. These actions have different levels of impact based on their knowledge, institutional support and other influential factors.

Public/Private Partnership on Watershed Restoration

The Jiaquan Spring of Southern China is being commercially exploited for bottled water. Yet the watershed it depends on is facing multiple environmental stresses including soil erosion and loss of original forest cover and biodiversity, which are intricately linked to a broader set of problems in the social and economic fields. How can the delicate balance of business and nature conservation be reached? IUCN China is working with Danone Waters China (DWC) to support the design and development of a long-term road-map for watershed restoration plan in the Jiaquan spring watershed.

The VITEK Indicator: A New Method for Measuring the Retention or Change of Traditional Knowledge

Target 18 of the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 requires that, by 2020, "the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities [...] are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention". To achieve this goal, it is crucial to have reliable means to gauge what is happening with traditional environmental knowledge (TEK) around the world.

Supporting Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in World Heritage Site Management through Rights Based Approaches

World Heritage sites are established under the World Heritage Convention; they are key places for the conservation of cultural and natural values of the world. IUCN is the official Advisory Body to the World Heritage Committee on natural and mixed World Heritage sites, and as such evaluates new site nominations and monitors the state of conservation of inscribed sites. As many of these sites overlap with traditional lands, the involvement of indigenous peoples and local communities in the establishment and management of World Heritage sites is paramount.

Participatory action for climate resilience: case studies fromChoiseul and Manus provinces (Solomon Islands; PNG)

In 2011, the community of Boe Boe in the Solomon Islands, undertook activities designed to understand the potential impacts of climate change and to plan for the future:

Addressing the Biodiversity Crisis: Lessons from Climate Change

Biodiversity loss is a problem of global significance with serious implications for human wellbeing, compromising our ability to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Despite this, and despite the wealth of scientific evidence on the scale of the problem, biodiversity loss does not receive a commensurate level of attention at national and international levels.

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