Cases and boxes


Box 1.1 The Dublin Statement on Water and Sustainable Development...............................................................................................20

Box 1.2 IWRM in international policy.................................................................................................................................................21

Box 1.3 The Right to Water................................................................................................................................................................22

Box 3.1 Water law and environmental justice.......................................................................................................................................49

Box 4.1 Examples of water institutions.................................................................................................................................................74

Box 4.2 Advantages and disadvantages of a centralized institutional framework....................................................................................76

Box 5.1 Steps to foster transparency...................................................................................................................................................99

Case 1.1 Benefits of good water management in Dar es Salaam...........................................................................................................17

Case 1.2 Detrimental consequences of poor water management...........................................................................................................17

Case 1.3 Development of a coherent water management plan in Brazil..................................................................................................25

Case 2.1 Water reform in South Africa................................................................................................................................................36

Case 2.2 Water for El Chaco: a model of decentralized water management...........................................................................................42

Case 3.1 The Chagga furrow committees.............................................................................................................................................52

Case 3.2 Water law reaches into building codes and agricultural land use in Andhra Pradesh, India.......................................................53

Case 3.3 Applying for a water abstraction licence in Namibia...............................................................................................................56

Case 3.4 The Chilean water market.....................................................................................................................................................57

Case 3.5 Ecological elements of water law, New South Wales, Australia..............................................................................................61

Case 3.6 Environmental flows in Costa Rica and Chile.........................................................................................................................61

Case 3.7 National water reserves in the South African Water Law.......................................................................................................63

Case 3.8 Protected water landscapes..................................................................................................................................................63

Case 3.9 China's water code assigns responsibilities to the ministry.......................................................................................................66

Case 4.1 Water institutional reforms in Morocco..................................................................................................................................72

Case 4.2 National, basin and local institutions within a regional context.................................................................................................77

Case 4.3 Problem solving through international basin institutions in West Africa.....................................................................................78

Case 4.4 Implementing national policies through local institutions in Tanzania.........................................................................................82

Case 4.5 New York pays upstream users to keep its water clean.........................................................................................................85

Case 4.6 “Comunidades de Regantes”.................................................................................................................................................87

Case 4.7 Citizen action wins case to create basin authority...................................................................................................................87

Case 5.1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Water Pollution Regulations Pursuant to the Clean Water Act..................................101

Case 5.2 Applying water governance in a federal context; the case of Argentina.................................................................................101

Case 5.3 ‘Cánon ambiental de vertidos’............................................................................................................................................102

Case 5.4 Wastewater discharge fees in Colombia..............................................................................................................................104

Case 5.5 Environmental penalty regulations help to protect Ontario's water sources............................................................................104

Case 5.6 Water governance by covenant in the community of Pijal, Ecuador......................................................................................106

Case 5.7 India's 1974 Water Pollution Act: a failure of enforcement...................................................................................................108

Case 5.8 ‘Tribunal de Aguas de Valencia’, Spain..............................................................................................................................109

Case 5.9 Enforcement of customary water law..................................................................................................................................110

Case 5.10 Water Court in the District Court of Montrose, Colorado.................................................................................................111

Case 5.11 The Biwater Tanzania case..............................................................................................................................................113

Case 5.12 Court injunction provides relief to community with contaminated water in Argentina..........................................................114

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