About the Authors


Jorge Cabrera Medaglia

Jorge Cabrera Medaglia is a lawyer, with honors degrees (Bachelor’s and Juris Doctor) from the University of Costa Rica, Faculty of Law, supplemented by postgraduate studies on environmental and agricultural law, commercial law and economic law. He is now a professor of environmental law at the University of Costa Rica.

He currently serves as legal adviser of the National Biodiversity Institute (INBio) and international consultant in the area of intellectual property and biodiversity, biotechnology and biosafety, and access to genetic resources and benefit sharing. He served for more than four years as a member of the National Biodiversity Commission of Costa Rica and a negotiator of the CBD on behalf of the government (Head of the Delegation in the First Conference of the Parties (Nassau 1994) and Member of the Delegation in the COP V (Kenya), VI (Holland), VII (Malaysia) and VIII (Brazil)). Between 1999 and 2001, he served as a co-chairman of the Expert Panel on Access and Benefit Sharing of the CBD and chairman of the Sub-working Group on IPR and Capacity Building during the Second Meeting of the Working Group on Access and Benefit Sharing. He has also participated in the CBD’s Technical Expert Group on Certificates of Origin-Legal Provenance-Source, WIPO’s Committee on Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge, and the deliberations of the Group of Like-minded Megadiverse Countries.

As a consultant, he has worked on IPR, biotechnology, biosafety and ABS for a variety of national and international institutions (including UNCTAD, ECLAC, IICA, SICA, CCAD, IPGRI, CYMMIT, REMERFI, CATIE, IUCN, COSUDE, EU, IISD, CAF, USAID, FAO, TNC, IDB, ICTSD, PNUMA). He has advised in drafting the Biodiversity Laws of Costa Rica (1998), Bhutan, Honduras, Seychelles and Nicaragua, the draft access regulations and ABS policy guidelines of El Salvador, and participated in regional negotiations on IPR and agriculture for the Eastern Caribbean Countries Association. He has advised the governments of Panama, Chile, and Paraguay. He served as Adviser to the process of drafting ABS regulations in Dominica and on their ABS practices and instruments. He drafted the Draft Central American Protocol on ABS, the Draft Central American Protocol on Biosafety and the Model Law on Safety in Biotechnology for Central American Countries. He has served as a trainer on ABS issues in Africa, and has written numerous books and articles in the area of IPR, ABS, biosafety, trade and environment.


Christian López Silva

Christian López Silva is a lawyer specialized in biotechnological law. He has worked for the Mexican Government as a legal adviser/consultant in biotech regulation in the areas of access and benefit sharing, traditional knowledge, intellectual property and biosafety. He co-authored and coordinated the legal aspects of the Mexican chapter on ABS in Accessing Biodiversity and Sharing the Benefits: Lessons from Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity (EPLP 54), Carrizosa, Brush, Wright and McGuire, eds. (November 2004). He has contributed to capacity building projects on biotechnology in the Latin American region for a variety of international bodies including UNEP-GEF, UNDP-GEF, UNU-BIOLAC and ICGEB. He has participated in various capacities in CBD and WIPO meetings and has collaborated with international non-governmental organizations, including the IUCN and the Foundation for Public Research and Regulation, as research fellow and legal adviser, respectively. He has taught biotech regulation in several postgraduate and accredited courses, including the University of Sheffield (UK) and the ICGEB (Italy). He has a Master’s degree in Biotechnological Law and Ethics (Chevening Scholar) and is currently at Sheffield, finishing his Doctoral thesis on the WTO EC-Biotech dispute and its impact for developing countries.

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