List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

ABS access and benefit sharing
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CESAGen Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CSOLP certificate of source, origin or legal provenance
CSR corporate social responsibility
ESCR International Network for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GMO genetically modified organism
GR genetic resource
IDHGD International Declaration on Human Genetic Data
INBio National Biodiversity Institute (Costa Rica)
IPR intellectual property rights
ITPGRFA International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
MTA material transfer agreement
MTDS monitoring, tracking and documentation system
PIC prior informed consent
PBR plant breeders' rights
PCT Patent Cooperation Treaty
PGRFA plant genetic resources for food and agriculture
TK traditional knowledge
TEV total economic value of biodiversity
TMOIFGR tracking and monitoring the international flow of genetic resources
TRIPS Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WTO World Trade Organization

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