Article 39. Withdrawal

743. A Party to an international treaty may withdraw from it as prescribed by the treaty itself. The Protocol provisions concerning withdrawal are similar to those prescribed by the CBD (see Article 38 CBD).

744. In addition, under Article 38 of the CBD, withdrawal from the CBD itself automatically triggers withdrawal from any Protocol to which the State concerned is also a Party. This follows from the requirement under Article 32 of the CBD that only Parties to the CBD may be Parties to the Protocol.

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