Article 27 – Accession
This Treaty shall be open for accession by all Members of FAO and any States that are not Members of FAO but are Members of the United Nations, or any of its specialized agencies or of the International Atomic Energy Agency from the date on which the Treaty is closed for signature. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary.
The effect of accession is the same as ratification. In both instances, a State agrees to be bound by the Treaty. The only difference is that signature leads to ratification (or its equivalent), whereas once a Treaty is closed for signature, a State can only join by acceding to it. In this sense, the expression of consent to be bound in the act of accession is a one-step procedure.
In accordance with Article 25, the Treaty was closed for signature on November 4, 2002. At that date, 78 States had signed. Any States or Member Organizations that have not signed the Treaty but wish to become a Contracting Party must now do so through the accession process.
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