Conservation and Development Interventions at the Wildlife/Livestock Interface

Implications for Wildlife, Livestock and Human Health

Edited and compiled by Steven A. Osofsky

Associate Editors: Sarah Cleaveland, William B. Karesh, Michael D. Kock, Philip J. Nyhus, Lisa Starr and Angela Yang


Cover photo:

ISBN: 2-8317-0864-8


The IUCN Species Survival Commission

Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 30

IUCN - The World Conservation Union 2005


Information for this Title


Abbreviations and Acronyms

Introduction Looking AHEAD While Looking Back



National Parks and Other Major Conservation Areas of East and Southern Africa

Full Papers

Chapter 1 What is this Infamous “Wildlife/Livestock Disease Interface?” A Review of Current Knowledge for the African Continent

Chapter 2 Transfrontier Conservation Area Initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Animal Health Challenges

Chapter 3 Diseases of Importance at the Wildlife/Livestock Interface in Kenya

Chapter 4 The Influence of Veterinary Control Fences on Certain Wild Large Mammal Species in the Caprivi, Namibia

Chapter 5 Wildlife, Livestock and Food Security in the South East Lowveld of Zimbabwe

Chapter 6 Tuberculosis – What Makes it a Significant Player at the Wildlife/Livestock/Human Interface?

Chapter 7 Experiences with and the Challenges of Wildlife Health Management in the National Parks of Tanzania

Chapter 8 Control Options for Human Sleeping Sickness in Relation to the Animal Reservoir of Disease

Chapter 9 Rinderpest Surveillance in Uganda National Parks 1998–2003

Chapter 10 Virus Topotypes and the Role of Wildlife in Foot and Mouth Disease in Africa

Chapter 11 Disease Challenges Concerning the Utilization of the Kafue Lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) in Zambia

Chapter 12 The Health Paradigm and Protected Areas: Linkages Between People and Their Livelihoods, Ecosystems and Natural Communities, and Health and Disease

Chapter 13 Conservancies: Integrating Wildlife Land-Use Options into the Livelihood, Development and Conservation Strategies of Namibian Communities

Chapter 14 “Counting Sheep”: The Comparative Advantages of Wildlife and Livestock – A Community Perspective

Chapter 15 Foot and Mouth Disease Management and Land-Use Implications in the Zimbabwean Lowveld: the Rationale for Creating a Biosphere Reserve

Chapter 16 Protected Areas, Human Livelihoods and Healthy Animals: Ideas for Improvements in Conservation and Development Interventions

Chapter 17 Impact and Value of Wildlife in Pastoral Livestock Production Systems in Kenya: Possibilities for Healthy Ecosystem Conservation and Livestock Development for the Poor

Chapter 18 Complementarity between Community-Based Animal Health Delivery Systems and Community-Based Wildlife Management? An Analysis of Experiences Linking Animal Health to Conflict Management in Pastoralist Areas of the Horn of Africa

Chapter 19 Approaches to Disease Control in Domestic Canids for the Conservation of Endangered Wild Carnivores

Chapter 20 Impacts of Wildlife Infections on Human and Livestock Health with Special Reference to Tanzania: Implications for Protected Area Management

Chapter 21 Synergies between Animal Husbandry and Wildlife Conservation: Perspectives from Zambia


WPC OUTPUTS Vth World Parks Congress Emerging Issues

Original AHEAD Invitation

AHEAD Working Group notes

Biosketches of AHEAD Launch Invited Participants