IUCN Library

Tourism, ecotourism, and protected areas

Héctor Ceballos-Lascuráin

Front cover: Yellowstone National Park, USA (A); park ranger with visitors, Westland World Heritage Site, New Zealand (B); Palenque National Park, Mexico (C); trail sign in Shannon National Park, Australia (D)

ISBN: 2-8317-0124-4

DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.CH.1996.7.en

IUCN Protected Areas Programme

IV World Congress on National Parks and Protected Areas

IUCN – The Word Conservation Union 1996




Information for this Title


1. Introduction

2. Tourism and the environment

3. Negative tourism impacts

4. Government policy in relation to tourism and protected areas

5. Creating and managing tourism in protected areas

6. Assessment, monitoring and management techniques

7. Preparing protected areas for tourism

Appendix I: IUCN and CNPPA

Appendix II: IV World Parks Congress workshops and other sessions related to tourism

Appendix III: Texts of reports of workshops I.12 And IV.7 of IV World Parks Congress

Appendix IV: IV World Parks Congress recommendations on tourism

Appendix V: The Caracas Declaration

Appendix VI: Further examples of assessments of the costs and benefits or economic impacts of tourism in protected areas

Appendix VII: Tourism management in the Mt. Everest Region

Appendix VIII: Controlling tourism impacts in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park

Appendix IX: Further examples of local community involvement in ecotourism

Appendix X: Methodology for estimating protected area carrying capacity

Appendix XI: Architectural programme for an ecotourism centre


About the author