WCC 2016 Rec 102 - Progress Report

General information
IUCN Constituencies implementing this Resolution
IUCN Members: 
No other Members are/have been involved
IUCN Commissions: 
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas 2017-2020 (WCPA)
IUCN Secretariat: 
Other non-IUCN related organisations: 
Not known at this stage
Indicate which actions have been carried out to implement this Resolution : 
Policy influencing/advocacy
Scientific/technical activities
Describe the results/achievements of the actions taken: 
The IUCN Secretariat (the Global Protected Areas Programme) has prepared an explanatory memorandum to support the implementation of this Recommendation, that will be presented to the IUCN Council for endorsement.

The IUCN Business and Biodiversity Programme has:
1. Pushed for the revision of the Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) Performance Standard to include also IUCN Categories I to VI as no go for bauxite mines. At the moment only World Heritage Sites are considered no-go for new sites and expansions (See criterion 8.4 in https://aluminium-stewardship.org/download/64258/ ). IUCN, WWF and FFI have written an open letter (https://aluminium-stewardship.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Open_letter_to_the-ASI_Protected_Areas_WWF_IUCN_FFI.pdf) to the ASI Secretariat formally requesting a speedy process. During the last conversations with the ASI industry representatives it seems that they have now accepted to consider expanding the list of areas to be considered no go for mining. Note that IUCN is a member of ASI.
2. Advocated for the inclusion of a criterion calling for no go in IUCN’s protected areas categories for steel sites and mines in the Responsible Steel Standard. The Draft version of the Standard which will be issued in mid-February for a 60 days public consultation includes this criterion.
3. Had regular exchanges with the Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA), and in particular with regards to their current commitment to no-go which includes Categories I to III (as well as World Heritage Sites, and areas on a State Party’s official Tentative List for World Heritage Site Inscription; and Core areas of UNESCO biosphere reserves. ) as no-go (see criterion See http://responsiblemining.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/IRMA_STANDARD_v.1.0_FINAL_2018.pdf
4. Included reference to Rec 102 in IUCN’s Information Paper on “Overview of Resolutions and Recommendations relevant for mainstreaming biodiversity in infrastructure and urban developments” prepared in view of CBD’s COP 14 (https://www.iucn.org/files/information-paper-overview-resolutions-and-recommendations-relevant-mainstreaming-biodiversity-infrastructure-and-urban-developments)
5. Integrated the Recommendation in the Guidelines on business and KBAs published in April 2018 (see Guideline 2 - Priority to Avoidance) https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/2018-005-En.pdf

The IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas has been involved in several exercises where evidence has been given to State Agencies, namely the Canadian Government and the UK Government on the interpretation of protected areas and the concept of "other effective area-based conservation measures" in relation to this Recommendation

WCPA representative, Dr Stephen Woodley discussed IUCN MPA guidelines and the application of resolution 102 in Canada with the following:

• Canadian Ministerial Advisory Panel on Minimum Marine Protected Areas Standards for Canada. Ottawa, Canada. March 5th, 2018. See their final report recommends IUCN standards http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/oceans/publications/advisorypanel-comiteconseil/2018/finalreport-rapportfinal/page01-eng.html
• Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans regarding Marine Protected Area standards- May 8, 2018. see report https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/report-14/

Dan Laffoley, Naomi Kingston, Stephen Woodley contributed IUCN MPA guidelines, reporting and the application of resolution 102 in the UK through:
• A seminar through Great British Oceans at the Zoological Society of London on Dec. 3, 2018 - see https://greatbritishoceans.org/2018/12/13/expert-briefing-marine-protected-area-standards/ and available as a webinar https://www.openchannels.org/news/mpa-news/sharpening-our-focus-mpas-2020-and-beyond-emerging-consensus-what-and-not-mpa-and-key

Stephen Woodley discussed IUCN MPA guidelines, reporting and the application of resolution 102 in Dec. 11, 2018 with the UK government officials - Martin Collins (Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science); kylie.bamford@fco.gsi.gov.uk; and Dominic Pattinson (Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs)

What challenges/obstacles have been encountered in the implementation of this Resolution and how were they overcome : 
A new effort was deemed important to coordinate work under this Recommendation, as there had been little progress. Consequently the IUCN Global Programme on Protected Areas took over the coordination of this work.
Briefly describe what future actions are needed for the implementation of this Resolution: 
A broader stakeholders workshop on the Recommendation is needed.

Further support and endorsement of the interpretation of the Recommendation is required by the IUCN Council.

There is a need to consider supplementary IUCN resolutions on specific aspects.
Status of implementation
Status of implementation for this Resolution: 
Initiated: first stages of implementation
Additional information
Are these actions planned for yet: