WCC 2016 Res 030 - Activity Report

General Information
IUCN Constituent: 
IUCN WCPA Governance of Protected and Conserved Areas : Network 2017-2020
IUCN Constituent type: 
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas 2017-2020
Period covered: 
2017
Geographic scope: 
Global
Country/Territory: 
Afghanistan
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Ecuador
Georgia
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Jordan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Philippines
Turkey
Viet Nam
In implementing this Resolution your organization has worked/consulted with...
IUCN Members: 
Asociación para la Conservación, Investigación de la Biodiversidad y el Desarrollo Sostenible ( SAVIA ) / Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Corporación Grupo Randi Randi ( CGRR ) / Ecuador
World Wide Fund for Nature - Indonesia ( WWF - Indonesia ) / Indonesia
The Samdhana Institute Incorporated ( Samdhana ) / Indonesia
Foundation for Ecological Security ( FES ) / India
Centre for Sustainable Development ( CENESTA ) / Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Both Ends - Environment and Development Service for NGOs / The Netherlands
Non-Timber Forest Products - Exchange Programme Asia ( NTFP-EP ) / Philippines
Forest Peoples Programme ( FPP ) / United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The WILD Foundation ( WILD ) / United States of America
The Christensen Fund ( TCF ) / United States of America
IUCN Commissions: 
IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy 2017-2020 (CEESP)
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas 2017-2020 (WCPA)
IUCN Secretariat: 
Yes
Other non-IUCN related organisations: 
ICCA Consortium
Implementation
Indicate and briefly describe any actions that have been carried out to implement this Resolution: 
ActionDescriptionStatus
Education/Communication/Raising awareness1. Awareness raising with national ICCA networks about the situation of overlapped ICCAs, their appropriate recognition and respect, and IUCN policy. World Wide Fund for Nature Indonesia (WWF-Indonesia), Samdhana, and Non-Timber Forest Products Exchange Programme (NTEP-EP) have been active in the Working Group ICCAs Indonesia (WGII). WGII activities included a workshop on “community conservation” in February 2017 in which ICCA custodians shared insights into their conservation practices with NGOs and policy makers. NTFP-EP/Both Ends have also supported networks in the Philippines (Buklaran Federation of Indigenous Peoples Organizations), Malaysia (Malaysia Working Group); Vietnam (Vietnam Learning Group on ICCAs); and Myanmar (Myanmar ICCA Working Group). On-going
Education/Communication/Raising awareness2. Awareness raising at national meetings and workshops. IUCN and Working Group ICCAs Indonesia members WWF Indonesia and NTEP-EP organized and participated in a session at the Land Tenure conference in Indonesia in 2017. Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA) and other members have raised ICCA overlap awareness at national workshops held by the ICCA Global Support Initiative/IUCN Global Protected Area Programme. CENESTA also raised awareness about overlapped ICCAs in work on transboundary territories and protected areas in Iran with different stake-holders including civil society organisations, indigenous peoples, and government organisations in Iran and neighbouring countries. On-going
Education/Communication/Raising awareness3. Awareness raising at regional meetings. WWF Indonesia and NTEF-EP helped create the Southeast Asia ICCA Regional Learning Network. ICCA Consortium/ West and Central Asia and the Caucasus and CENESTA held a regional workshop in Kyrgyzstan to raise regional awareness. IUCN, ICCA Consortium/ West and Central Asia and the Caucasus, and CENESTA organized a workshop in Georgia to raise awareness at the national and regional level for all stake-holders.On-going
Education/Communication/Raising awareness4. Regional Exchanges. NTEP-EP supported the Myanmar ICCA Study Visit to the Philippines in 2017. CENESTA shared knowledge about ICCAs overlapping PAs with Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Pakistan and Turkey.Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness5(a) COP13 CBD, Cancun, Mexico— two side events. The ICCA Consortium organised a side-event, “Appropriately Recognising and Respecting Indigenous Peoples' and Community Conserved Territories and Areas (ICCAs) Overlapped by Protected Areas,” with case study presentations by several Members: Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA), the Asociación para la Conservación, Investigación de la Biodiversidad y el Desarrollo Sostenible (SAVIA) and the World Wildlife Fund Indonesia. This side-event was the launch event for the ICCA publication, ICCAs and Overlapping Protected Areas: Fostering Conservation Synergies and Social Reconciliation, ICCA Consortium Policy Brief Issue No.4. (b) Co-sponsoring Member Forest Peoples Programme organized a side-event on implementation of the CBD Plan of Action on Customary Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity at which the ICCA Consortium presented on Resolution 6.030 and advocated appropriate recognition of and respect for ICCAs overlapped by protected areas as a best practice for implementing the Plan of Action.Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness6. UN Special Rapporteurs on Human Rights. The ICCA Consortium shared news of the adoption of the Resolution with Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and John Knox, the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment.Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness7(a) ICCA Consortium Policy Brief #4 and ICCA Consortium Companion Report. The ICCA Consortium produced two publications with input from the Resolution proponent CENESTA and several IUCN Member co-sponsors including SAVIA, WWF-Indonesia, and Forest Peoples Programme. ICCAs and Overlapping Protected Areas: Fostering Conservation Synergies and Social Reconciliation, ICCA Consortium Policy Brief Issue No.4, ICCA Consortium, Tehran, Iran was posted to the ICCA Consortium website and also printed with support from The Christensen Fund, one of the Resolution's co-sponsors (https://goo.gl/s44HBz). A Spanish language edition is being completed. (b) The ICCA Consortium also published online an in-depth 136-page companion report: Recognising and Respecting ICCAs Overlapped by Protected Areas. Report for the ICCA Consortium, available online at https://goo.gl/t1utHf. (c) These publications are based on four years of research and international dialog, including a dedicated workshop at the IUCN World Parks Congress 2014 in Sydney, Australia and extensive online feedback. The publications discuss the global overlap of ICCAs and protected areas, the importance of appropriate recognition of and respect for overlapped ICCAs, and important IUCN policy and international environmental and human rights legal contexts and identify principles, key approaches, and best practices for appropriate recognition of and respect for overlapped ICCAs and present a set of exemplary cases from diverse countries which illustrate five key approaches. Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness8. ICCA Consortium General Assembly 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland -- meeting on Best Practices Guidelines. IUCN WCPA Specialist Group on the Governance of Protected and Conserved Areas Co-chairs, Terence Hay-Edie (UNDP/GEF SGP) and Carmen Miranda (Resolution co-sponsor Member organization Asociación para la Conservación, Investigación de la Biodiversidad y el Desarrollo Sostenible (SAVIA) and ICCA Consortium), organized a meeting of ICCA Consortium member organization members and honourary members interested in participating in the development of a proposed volume in the IUCN WCPA publication series on Protected Areas Best Practice Guidelines, including by providing exemplary case studies.Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness9. WWF Round-Table on Human Rights and Conservation. WWF Indonesia facilitated the (virtual) participation of a Steering Committee member of the ICCA Consortium in the round-table on human rights and conservation organized with WWF offices in the Asia Pacific region (April 2017). Completed
Field activities10. Assist ICCA custodians with documentation and mapping of ICCAs within as well as outside of protected areas. WWF Indonesia has helped to document over 140,000 ha of ICCAs in Kalimantan and in coastal areas. These, including some ICCAs within protected areas, have been registered in the National Registry set up by BRWA/WGII. ICCA documentation, including mapping, is being carried out in Iran by CENESTA and UNINOMAD (Union of Indigenous Nomadic Tribes of Iran) with participatory GIS. The Foundation for Ecological Security is assisting villages in India with ICCA documentation and with obtaining official recognition of Community Forest Rights.On-going
Field activities11. National ICCA management plan training workshops for ICCA custodians/owners and NGOs. WWF Indonesia supported national training workshops for ICCA custodians/owners and CSOs on developing ICCA management plans (May 2017).Completed
Field activities12. Assist development of ICCA plans and related plans. WWF Indonesia, Corporation Grupo Randi Randi (CGRR), and the Foundation for Ecological Security have worked in Indonesia, Ecuador, and India with custodian indigenous peoples and local communities in preparing ICCA plans and community management plans, including in situations in which ICCAs overlap with protected areas. On-going
Field activities13. Support ICCA management plan recognition and coordination with overlapping protected area management. From 2015-2017 Corporation Grupo Randi Randi held the coordinator position on the 22 member Management Committee which governs the Reserva Ecológica El Angel in collaboration with Ecuador’s Ministry of Environment. The protected area fully overlaps with collectively and individually-owned properties, and communities have prepared community management plans which have been recognised by the Ministry of Environment and coordinated with protected area management plans.Completed
Policy influencing/advocacy14. COP13 CBD Decision XIII/2. The ICCA Consortium, the Resolution proponent CENESTA, and co-sponsors SAVIA and WWF Indonesia advocated for the adoption of a CBD decision noting the overlap of ICCAs and protected areas and Resolution 6.030. CBD decision XIII/2 advances one of the Resolution’s key implementation actions— development and dissemination of “best practice guidance on identification, recognition, and respect for ICCAs in protected area overlap situations” (operational par. 1 (a)). CBD Decision XIII/2 (par. 7) “Invites Parties and, where appropriate, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the ICCA Consortium and other partners in consultation with the Secretariat, to develop voluntary guidance and best practices on identifying and recognizing territories and areas conserved by indigenous peoples and local communities, including in situations of overlap with protected areas, and their potential contribution to the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.” Completed
Policy influencing/advocacy15. National law development and implementation advocacy in the Philippines, India, Indonesia, and Vietnam. NTEF-EP has conducted advocacy in support of an ICCA Bill in the Philippines that upholds traditional governance of ICCAs in situations in which they overlap with protected areas. WWF Indonesia is advocating special recognition for ICCAs within protected areas in the form of a decree for recognition of customary forests. The Working Group for Indonesia ICCAs, including WWF Indonesia, NTEF-EP, and Samdhana, is providing support for advocacy in the Indonesian parliament, and also put forward a recommendation at the Tenure Conference in Indonesia in 2017 for recognizing ICCAs overlapping with protected areas as part of a roadmap for agrarian and forest reform pledged by the current national government. NTFP-EP (with PanNature) is engaged with a revision of the protected area law in Vietnam which will recognize cultural, sacred and religious forests (all types of ICCAs) as protected areas and community-managed watershed protection (also a type of ICCA) as protection forests. The Foundation for Ecological Security is working in India for implementation of the 2006 Forest Act, which enables recognition of ICCAs inside protected areas.On-going
Policy influencing/advocacy16. Best Practices Guidelines. During 2017 a proposal was developed by Stan Stevens (ICCA Consortium), Terence Hay-Edie (GEF-SGP), and Carmen Miranda (IUCN Member SAVIA) (the latter two are also the co-chairs of the WCPA’s Specialist Group on the Governance of Protected and Conserved Areas) for a volume in IUCN’s Protected Areas Best Practice Guidelines series on recognizing and respecting ICCAs which overlap with protected areas. This volume would advance implementation of Resolution operative paragraph 1 (a), which calls on IUCN to “develop, disseminate, and urge implementation of best practice guidance on identification, recognition, and respect for ICCAs in protected area overlap situations.” The process of developing the Guidelines will involve Members in a dialog in 2018-2019 to identifying key principles, good practices, and exemplary case studies. This should include international meetings as well as an online consultation process. The completion of the volume is planned for a launch at the 2020 IUCN World Conservation Congress and CBD COP15 in 2020.On-going
Policy influencing/advocacy17. ICCA Consortium General Assembly 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland. During the General Assembly a meeting was convened of ICCA Consortium member organization members and honorary members interested in participating in the development of a proposed volume in the IUCN WCPA publication series on Protected Areas Best Practice Guidelines, including by providing exemplary case studies.Completed
Please report on the result /achievement of the actions taken: 
This revised report by Stan Stevens, IUCN Members' focal point for WCC Resolution 6.030 on behalf of CENESTA, serves as the 2017 IUCN Members’ annual report. It includes activities carried out and planned for the future by the motion's proponent, CENESTA, nine co-sponsoring members, and one additional member. Among the results and achievements of 2017 implementation activities were: participation by Members in raising awareness about the Resolution at the CBD and at national and regional workshops in several countries; input by Members in two ICCA publications on appropriately recognizing and respecting ICCAs which overlap with protected areas; a COP13 CBD decision inviting IUCN and the ICCA Consortium to develop best practice guidelines on ICCAs including those which overlap with protected areas; national legal and policy advocacy in the Philippines, Indonesia, and India; documentation and mapping of ICCAs within protected areas in Indonesia, India, and Iran; shared governance of a protected area in Ecuador; and development of a proposal for an IUCN WCPA Protected Area Best Practice Guidelines series volume.
What challenges have you encountered in implementing this Resolution and what measures have you taken to overcome them?: 
In many countries existing protected area assumptions, laws, policies, and practices are obstacles to implementation. Actions being taken include awareness raising and capacity raising for all concerned parties; reform of national law; networking; identifying and mapping overlapped ICCAs; and disseminating information about good practices and exemplary case studies.
Identify and briefly describe what future actions are planned for the implementation of this Resolution: 
Future ActionDescription
Education/Communication/Raising awareness18. Global and national awareness raising. Members will raise awareness of the Resolution and appropriate recognition and respect for overlapped ICCAs through engaging with the IUCN, the CBD, the ICCA Consortium, the ICCA Global Support Initiative, UNEP/WCMC ICCA Registry, national ICCA networks, national indigenous peoples’ and local community organizations and networks, government agencies, and civil society organisations.
Education/Communication/Raising awareness19. COP14 CBD in 2018 in Egypt. Members, together with the ICCA Consortium, the Specialist Group on the Governance of Protected and Conserved Areas, and UNEP/WCMC may hold a side-event at COP14 CBD in Egypt in 2018 to continue to raise awareness of the Resolution.
Education/Communication/Raising awareness20. United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Members may advance awareness raising at the UNPFII in New York City in 2018 and/or 2019.
Education/Communication/Raising awareness21. National and regional ICCA exchange visits will also provide awareness raising opportunities. One exchange anticipated in 2018, supported by WWF Indonesia, will involve ICCAs in Malaysia and Indonesia in Borneo.
Field activities22. Documentation and mapping of ICCAs which overlap with protected areas. Assistance with ICCA documentation and mapping will be provided in Indonesia, the Philippines, Iran, India, and possibly also in other countries.
Field activities23. Official recognition of overlapped ICCAs. Support for ICCA recognition will be provided in India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Iran, and possibly in other countries.
Field activities24. Preparing ICCA plans and related plans. WWF-Indonesia, Forest Peoples Programme, and the Foundation for Ecological Security will assist ICCA custodians with preparing ICCA management plans and/or related activities for overlapped ICCAs in Indonesia, Thailand, Guyana, and India.
Policy influencing/advocacy25. Proposed IUCN WCPA Protected Areas Best Practices Guidelines Volume. Members will participate in an online dialog and international meetings in 2018-2019 to identify principles, best practices, and lessons learned from exemplary cases for appropriately recognising and respecting ICCAs which overlap protected areas. An international workshop to further the Guidelines volume is planned for the CBD COP 14 in Egypt in 2018.
Policy influencing/advocacy26. COP14 CBD decision. Members will advocate for a decision urging the Parties to appropriately recognise and respect ICCAs which overlap with protected areas and to promote ICCA custodians' participation in protected area governance and management as important means of achieving the Aichi targets and implementation of Articles 8 (j) and 10 (c), the Programme of Work on Protected Areas, and the Plan on Customary Use of Biological Diversity.
Policy influencing/advocacy27. National law and policy. At the national level Members will continue to work for the adoption and implementation of the national ICCA law in the Philippines and legal reform and implementation in Indonesia, India, Vietnam, and possibly elsewhere.