WCC 2016 Res 030 - Activity Report

General Information
IUCN Constituent: 
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas 2017-2020
Period covered: 
2018
Geographic scope: 
Global
In implementing this Resolution your organization has worked/consulted with...
IUCN Members: 
Asociación para la Conservación, Investigación de la Biodiversidad y el Desarrollo Sostenible ( SAVIA ) / Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
World Wide Fund for Nature - Indonesia ( WWF - Indonesia ) / Indonesia
Centre for Sustainable Development ( CENESTA ) / Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Non-Timber Forest Products - Exchange Programme Asia ( NTFP-EP ) / Philippines
IUCN Commissions: 
IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy 2013-2016 (CEESP)
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas 2017-2020 (WCPA)
IUCN Secretariat: 
Yes
Other non-IUCN related organisations: 
ICCA Consortium
Implementation
Indicate and briefly describe any actions that have been carried out to implement this Resolution: 
ActionDescriptionStatus
Capacity-building1. Capacity-building, regional. CENESTA participated in an ICCA Consortium-organized regional capacity building workshop for the ICCA Consortium’s West and Central Asia and the Caucasus in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan in October 2018. NTFP-EP assisted the strengthen the Southeast Asia ICCA Regional Learning Network and to establish the ICCA Consortium Southeast Asia + West Austronesia region. The event included a visit to an ICCA community in Central Kalimantan and a day to discuss and exchange tools and experiences in creating a spatial database and an ICCA registry.Completed
Capacity-building2. Capacity-building, national. CENESTA is working with the Union of Indigenous Nomadic Tribes of Iran to strengthen their members’ ICCAs and natural resources governance systems. CENESTA is carrying out capacity building work with the nomadic tribes of the Shahsevan tribal confederacy, including participatory mapping, in order to support them in their current conflict with agricultural development projects. On-going
Convene stakeholders/Networking3. National network participaton and support. World Wide Fund for Nature Indonesia (WWF-Indonesia) and Non-Timber Forest Products Exchange Programme (NTEP-EP) have been active in the Working Group on ICCAs in Indonesia (WGII). NTFP-EP, Both Ends, and partners have also supported networks in the Philippines (Buklaran Federation of Indigenous Peoples Organizations), Malaysia (Malaysia Working Group); Vietnam (Vietnam Learning Group on ICCAs); and Myanmar (Myanmar ICCA Working Group).On-going
Convene stakeholders/Networking4. Regional network participation and support. NTFP-EP (as the ICCA Consortium regional hub for Southeast Asia) has committed to strengthen the Southeast Asia ICCA Regional Learning Network and to establish the ICCA Consortium Southeast Asia + West Austronesia regional members group. The first ICCA Consortium regional assembly for this region was held in August in Indonesia, attended by participants from Indonesia (including WWF-Indonesia and other members of the Working Group on ICCAs in Indonesia), Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Taiwan, and Madagascar. The event included a visit to an ICCA community in Central Kalimantan and a day to discuss and exchange tools and experiences in creating a spatial database and an ICCA registry, including with overlapped ICCAs. CENESTA participated in the first regional assembly of the ICCA Consortium’s West and Central Asia and the Caucasus members in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan in October 2018, at which overlapped ICCAs were discussed. SAVIA participated in the first regional assembly of the ICCA Consortium’s Latin American members in Fusagusuga, Colombia, at which a number of initiatives on recognizing overlapped ICCAs were discussed. These included the forthcoming Latin American edition of the ICCA Consortium’s policy brief #4 on ICCAs and Overlapping Protected Areas: Fostering Conservation Synergies and Social Reconciliation, and participation in overlap-related events at the upcoming 3rd Latin American Congress on Protected Areas and in the development of the IUCN WCPA Best Practice Protected Areas Guidelines Series volume on recognizing and respecting ICCAs overlapped by protected areas. Completed
Convene stakeholders/Networking5. Regional Exchanges. NTFP-EP Philippines arranged for two representatives from Myanmar to learn about ICCA documentation, including documenting overlapped ICCAs, during a week-long community immersion. Such awareness raising is part of the Southeast Asia ICCA Regional Learning Network action plan and has been identified as a priority capacity building need. Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness6. CBD COP14, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. Two events organized for COP14 by the ICCA Consortium and the WCPA’s Specialist Group on the Governance of Protected and Conserved Areas raised awareness about Resolution 6.030 and initiatives to implement it. These were a workshop on Nov. 21 on the development of the IUCN WCPA Best Practice Protected Areas Guidelines Series volume on recognizing and respecting ICCAs overlapped by protected areas and a COP side event on Nov. 25 on “Advancing Aichi Targets 11 and 18 through “Inclusive Conservation” and Best Practice Recognition and Respect for ICCAs Overlapped by Protected Areas.” CENESTA, WWF-Indonesia, and NTFP-EP participated in both events, which also involved participants from Indigenous peoples, local communities, civil society organizations, and government agencies from diverse countries. The COP side event raised international awareness about Resolution 6.030, ICCA/PA overlap situations worldwide, ICCA Consortium policy publications and the development of the WCPA Best Practice Protected Areas Guidelines Series volume on recognizing and respecting ICCAs overlapped by protected areas on recognizing, national policies on recognizing and supporting overlapped ICCAs (Philippines) and case studies from around the world of overlap situations, challenges, and recognition initiatives.Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness7. Communities, Conservation and Livelihoods Conference in Halifax, Canada. NTFP-EP and the Working Group on ICCAs Indonesia (WGII) – which includes IUCN Resolution 6.030 co-sponsors WWF-Indonesia and the Samdhana Institute organized a side event at the Communities, Conservation and Livelihoods Conference in Halifax, Canada in May. The session focused on sustainable and culturally based livelihoods in ICCAs and showcased three stories from Indonesia and the Philippines, including an overlap case.Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness8. IUCN WCPA Best Practice Protected Areas Guidelines Series volume on recognizing and respecting ICCAs overlapped by protected areas. SAVIA, CENESTA, WWF-Indonesia, and NTFP-EP are participating in the development of this publication, in association with the WCPA Specialist Group in the Governance of Protected and Conserved Areas (which SAVIA’s director co-chairs). During 2018 the volume proposal was approved by the WCPA Executive Committee and planning discussions were carried out by the volume’s three editors, including with WCPA, CEESP, and the ICCA Consortium. Several international consultations were held to raise awareness about the project. These included a meeting about the development of Best Practice Guidelines volume organized by the ICCA Consortium in Montreal, Canada during CBD SBSTTA 22 on July 3, 2018 and a workshop held at the CBD COP 14 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt on Nov. 21, 2018 to encourage participation by COP14 delegates, including indigenous peoples and members of local communities. Awareness about the development of the volume was also advanced in a COP14 side-event on overlapped ICCAs. COP14 also provided an opportunity for volume editors to meet with a number of contributors and to discuss with volume with WCPA and Global Protected Area Programme leaders. This volume will advance implementation of Resolution 6.030 operative paragraph 1 (a), which calls on IUCN to “develop, disseminate, and urge implementation of best practice guidance on identification, recognition, and respect for ICCAs in protected area overlap situations.” The completion of the volume is planned for a launch at the 2020 IUCN World Conservation Congress and the CBD COP15 in 2020. Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness9. 3rd Latin American Congress on Protected Areas. During 2018 SAVIA helped plan and organize the Congress sessions on governance, which will include presentations on ICCAs overlapped by protected areas, and a workshop dedicated for Latin American delegates to exchange experiences and insights on good practices to contribute to the development of the IUCN WCPA volume on Best Practice Guidelines. As part of planning for these events SAVIA obtained funding to support participation in the Congress from several indigenous leaders from different South American countries who have experience of ICCA/PA overlaps.On-going
Education/Communication/Raising awareness9.1. Awareness raising at regional meetings. WWF Indonesia and NTEF-EP continued work with the Southeast Asia ICCA Regional Learning Network. ICCA Consortium/ West and Central Asia and the Caucasus and CENESTA held a regional workshop in Kyrgyzstan to raise regional awareness about ICCAs, including overlapped ones. Completed
Education/Communication/Raising awareness9.2. Awareness raising at national meetings and workshops. WWF-Indonesia funded the Working Group for ICCAs in Indonesia (WGII), of which it is a member, to co-organize a workshop with the Indonesia Directorate General for Forest Protection (KSDAE) on November 7-8, 2018 at which WGII and WWF-Indonesia presented the results of a governance assessment of the Kayan Mentarang National Park that included overlapped ICCAs. At this event WWF Indonesia gave a presentation on indigenous Iconservation and the practice of Tana’ Ulen among the Dayak Kenyah in North Kalimantan (see also the article by Cristina Eghenter in the June 2018 special issue of the journal Parks, Volume on OECMs). During WWF-Indonesia’s presentation there was discussion of appropriate recognition of indigenous conservation as OECMs, including overlapped ICCAs.Completed
Field activities12. ICCA documentation and mapping. WWF Indonesia continued work with ICCA custodians to map and document ICCAs in Indonesia, especially in the province of North Kalimantan (District of Malinau). CENESTA is carrying out documentation of eight ICCAs in different climatic areas of Iran, documentation of their knowledge, resources, ecological assets, territorial integrity, and their connection with protected areas. Several of these ICCAs overlap with protected areas. CENESTA is also carrying out participatory mapping of ICCAs with the Shahsevan tribal confederation, including ICCAs which overlap protected areas and those adversely affected by agricultural development projects. The Foundation for Ecological Security is assisting villages in India with ICCA documentation and with obtaining official recognition of Community Forest Rights. NTFP-EP Philippines assisted with mapping of an ICCA in Brooke’s Point, Palawan, Philippines that includes an important forest resource (resin trees) and overlaps with Mt. Mantalingahan Protected Landscape. NTFP-EP partner Bukluran (the ICCA Consortium Philippines) continues to map and document ten ICCAs with the Biodiversity Management Bureau, Department of Environment and Natural Resources through the Philippine ICCA Project, including three ICCA/PA overlap situations. On-going
Field activities13. Assist ICCA custodians in developing ICCA plans and related plans. NTFP-EP and partners, the Foundation for Ecological Security, and Corporación Grupo Randi Randi (CCRG) have worked in the Philippines, India, and Ecuador with custodian indigenous peoples and local communities in preparing conservation plans and land management plans, including in situations in which ICCAs overlap with protected areas. NTFP-EP Philippines is assisting custodians of an ICCA in Brooke’s Point, Palawan with formulating their Conservation Plan, which will be incorporated into their Ancestral Domain Sustainable Development and Protection Plan (ADSDPP), a prerequisite for the awarding of ancestral land titles. Corporación Grupo Randi Randi (CCRG) continued to work with the Ecuadorian Ministry of the Environment (MAE) and community members in support of conservation in the El Angel Ecological Reserve (Comité de Gestión REEA), Ecuador. Nearly 100% of the land of this reserve is owned either collectively or by individual farmers, most of whom are members of the collective property associations. In 2018 the MAE approved 16 farm management plans for farms within and bordering the reserve that had been facilitated by CGRR in 2016-2017 through a GEF initiative with MAE and with funding and support from the Wildlife Conservation Society. CGRR and the MAE also developed guidelines and parameters for these plans that will guide the planning of additional properties in the reserve.On-going
Field activities14. ICCA Registration. WWF Indonesia assisted three Indigenous communities with the process of gaining recognition for their territories (and ICCAs) at district level as “customary forest” and the WGII assisted two additional Indigenous communities with preparing to apply for ‘customary forest’ recognition of forest areas within their customary territories. WWF-Indonesia funded the WGII to develop a web-link between the online national registration platform for ICCAs that was launched by WGII in 2017 and an online mapping program (www.tanahkita.id). The Foundation for Ecological Security (FES) works in India to assist communities in obtaining Community Forest Resources titles under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 within protected areas and reserve forests. On-going
Policy influencing/advocacy15. Advocacy for international policy. CENESTA, as Iran’s representative to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), advocates for adoption and implementation of CBD decisions and IUCN policies, including Resolution 6.030. NTFP-EP lobbied for ICCA recognition and support to the ASEAN Working Group on Social Forestry (AWG-SF) and presented on country initiatives and ICCA mapping in a two hour-long learning session in the CSO Forum that preceded the June 2018 AWG-SF Conference in Vietnam. The recommendations adopted by the CSO Forum including one supporting ICCAs.On-going
Policy influencing/advocacy16. Advocacy for national law development and implementation in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Iran, and India. NTEF-EP and partners advocated adoption of the ICCA Bill that is now under consideration in the Philippines senate. This bill upholds traditional governance of ICCAs in situations in which they overlap with protected areas. NTFP-EP partners Bukluran, PAFID and ANGOC have been involved in the drafting of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Expanded National Integrated Protected Areas System (ENIPAS) Act of 2018, which amended the 24-year old National Integrated Protected Area Systems (NIPAS) Act). This law contains provisions for indigenous peoples’ rights and ICCAs in protected areas which overlap with ancestral domains. NTEP-EP and partners held several consultations and workshops with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources about the provisions of the amended law. NTFP-EP, with Vietnam partners including PanNature, successfully lobbied for the inclusion of some types of ICCAs in the forestry law. They are currently working on the institutionalization of the new law’s articles on spirit forests and watershed protection forests. WWF Indonesia is advocating special recognition for ICCAs within protected areas in the form of a decree for recognition of customary forests. On-going
Policy influencing/advocacy17. Advocacy for national law development and implementation (continued). CENESTA is working to shape policy through advocacy, including on the role of indigenous peoples and local communities in nature conservation, protected area diversity, recognition of ICCAs and ICCAs overlapped by protected areas, participatory activities and action plans in ICCAs, and actions on behalf of nomadic peoples. This includes advocacy work with the Forest, Rangeland and Watershed Management Organization (FRWO) the Iranian parliament’s committee on Agriculture, Water, and Natural Resources, the National Steering Committee on Rangelands and Livestock, and the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. The Foundation for Ecological Security is working in India for implementation of the 2006 Forest Act, which enables recognition of ICCAs inside protected areas.On-going
Please report on the result /achievement of the actions taken: 
This report by Stan Stevens, IUCN Members' focal point for WCC Resolution 6.030 on behalf of CENESTA. In 2018 Members raised awareness about the Resolution, including at the CBD COP14 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt and at regional and national network meetings and workshops; planning for a session and workshop at the 3rd Latin American Congress on Protected Areas that will focus on ICCA/overlap situations and implementation of the resolution and provide input into an IUCN WCPA Protected Area Best Practice Guidelines Series volume on appropriately recognizing and respecting ICCAs overlapped by protected areas; planning and initial work on the development of the Best Practice Guidelines volume; regional and national ICCA network building and capacity building; national legal and policy advocacy in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Iran, and India; documentation and mapping of ICCAs within protected areas in the Philippines, Indonesia, India, and Iran; development of ICCA plans in the Philippines and India; and advocacy and support for ICCA national recognition in the Philippines, India, Indonesia, and Iran.
What challenges have you encountered in implementing this Resolution and what measures have you taken to overcome them?: 
In many countries existing protected area assumptions, laws, policies, and practices are obstacles to implementation. Actions being taken to address these obstacles include awareness raising and capacity building for all concerned parties; development of appropriate national laws and policies, developing and disseminating guidance about good practices; and documenting and mapping overlapped ICCAs.
Identify and briefly describe what future actions are planned for the implementation of this Resolution: 
Future ActionDescription
Capacity-building1. CENESTA and the ICCA Consortium plan to hold a regional capacity building workshop for the Consortium’s West and Central Asia and the Caucasus regional members in Armenia. This workshop will include sharing of ICCA/PA overlap cases.
Capacity-building2. CENESTA will be carrying out ICCA capacity building in the Fahraj region of Iran, with activities including participatory mapping, stakeholder analysis, identification of overlapped ICCAs, and participatory action research.
Capacity-building3. WWF Indonesia will lead capacity building workshops for staff at the Ministry of Forestry and Environment, communities and other partners on recognizing Indigenous conservation – including ICCAs and overlapped ICCAs.
Convene stakeholders/Networking4. NTFP-EP will continue to strengthen the ICCA Consortium’s Southeast Asia + West Austronesian members network and regional assembly and the Southeast Asia ICCA Regional Learning Network through capacity building exchanges and by facilitating support to the regional action plan. SAVIA will continue to work with other ICCA Consortium members to strengthen the Latin America members network.
Convene stakeholders/Networking5. CENESTA plans to help establish a regional steering committee and working group for self-strengthening ICCAs and supporting recognition of overlapped ICCAs and to continue to work with the ICCA Consortium/ West and Central Asia and the Caucasus members network.
Education/Communication/Raising awareness10. WCPA Best Practice Protected Areas Guidelines Series volume. The process of developing the BPG volume during 2019 will involve identifying key principles, good practices, and exemplary case studies. This will involve IUCN members, the WCPA, CEESP, the ICCA Consortium, and members of the CBD’s International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity among others.
Education/Communication/Raising awareness6. CENESTA will lead several summit workshops with indigenous nomadic tribes’ representatives, the first one to be will be held 22 February in Bakhtiari Tribal Confederacy’s Territory;
Education/Communication/Raising awareness7. Global, regional, and national awareness raising. Members will raise awareness of the Resolution and appropriate recognition and respect for overlapped ICCAs through engaging with the IUCN, the CBD, the ICCA Consortium, the ICCA Global Support Initiative, UNEP/WCMC ICCA Registry and World Database on Protected Areas, national ICCA networks, national indigenous peoples’ and community organizations and networks, government agencies, and CSOs.
Education/Communication/Raising awareness8. 3rd Latin American Congress on Protected Areas. SAVIA and Corporación Grupo Randi Randi (CCRG) will participate in the Congress. SAVIA is organizing a session, a workshop, and meetings that will raise awareness of Resolution 6.030, promote sharing of experiences with protected area governance and management in situations in which they overlap with ICCAs, and facilitate input into the WCPA Best Practice Guidelines volume.8
Education/Communication/Raising awareness9. 3rd Latin American Congress on Protected Areas (continued). SAVIA will fund participation in the Congress from several indigenous leaders from several South American countries who have experience with ICCA/PA overlaps situations. CCRG will report on their experience with developing plans for farms within and bordering El Angel Ecological Reserve, most of which are owned by members of collective property owners.
Field activities11. Documentation and mapping of ICCAs which overlap with protected areas. Assistance with ICCA documentation and mapping will be provided in Indonesia, the Philippines, Iran, India, and possibly also in other countries by WWF-Indonesia and partners in the WGII, NTFP-EP and partners, CENESTA, and FES.
Field activities12. Preparing ICCA plans and related plans. WWF-Indonesia, Forest Peoples Programme, and the FES will assist ICCA custodians with preparing ICCA management plans and/or related activities for overlapped ICCAs in Indonesia, Thailand, Guyana, and India.
Field activities13. Registering overlapped ICCAs. Support for ICCA registering ICCAs will be provided in the Philippines, India, Indonesia, Iran, and possibly in other countries by NTFP-EP and partners, FES, WWF-Indonesia and partners in the WGII, and CENESTA.
Field activities14.WWF Indonesia will continue to support the Working Group on ICCAs in Indonesia (WGII) to register additional ICCAs in Indonesia via the online registration platform and link these to the online national mapping program (www.tanahkita.id).
Field activities15. NTFP-EP and partners will assist custodians in registering ICCAs in the new national ICCA registry established in late 2018.
Policy influencing/advocacy16. At the national level Members will continue to work for the adoption and implementation of the national ICCA law in the Philippines and legal reform and implementation in Indonesia, Iran, India, Vietnam, and possibly elsewhere.
Policy influencing/advocacy17. CENESTA plans to establish a national steering committee and working group for self-strengthening ICCAs and supporting recognition of overlapped ICCA, to continue policy advocacy with organizations they engaged with in 2018 and to add additional organizations in 2019.