Coastal Ecosystems Series

IUCN Publication

Tidal flats

This booklet is an attempt to redress the lack of general knowledge on tidal flats and create awareness about their importance and the current threats facing these little-known ecosystems. 

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Publication Year: 
2013
IUCN Publication

Lagoons and estuaries

Coastal lagoons and estuaries, lying at the boundary between ocean and land, house a unique mosaic of habitats, giving rise to high species diversity and the creation of ecotones. They are also ecologically and economically important ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services.

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Publication Year: 
2013
IUCN Publication

Seagrasses and sand dunes

Seagrass meadows and sand dunes are lesser known coastal ecosystems that are located landward from coral reefs and sometimes seaward from mangroves.

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Publication Year: 
2008
IUCN Publication

Coral reefs

Corals are a vital component of marine ecosystems. They provide food and protection for a huge variety of fish and marine life; are crucial to sustaining livelihoods among coastal populations; and a key mechanism for ensuring the protection of low-lying coastal areas.

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Publication Year: 
2008
IUCN Publication

Mangroves

Mangroves are among the most important ecosystems on the planet. They provide food and protection for a huge variety of marine and land-based species, sustain livelihoods of coastal populations, and provide protection from ocean swell and extreme weather events.

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Publication Year: 
2008
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